|Description of waste management in Municipality of Narva, Estonia|
Narva is the third largest city in Estonia. It is located at the eastern border of Estonia, on the Narva River which drains Lake Peipus. The total area of the municipality is 84,54 km2. On the 1 January 2009 Narva had 64 043 inhabitants. Narva has 16 burghs. Predominantly house types are apartment houses, where live about 97,6% of inhabitants. Other 2,4 % of residents live in private houses.
In year 2008 Narva produced about 15000 tons of Municipal solid wastes (MSW). Municipality of Narva have created opportunities to collect separately packaging wastes, paper and cardboard, large dimension wastes, batteries, hazardous wastes and other problematic products.
The household waste management in Narva organized as follows:
1. Household wastes are collected and transported to the Narva Waste Recycling Centre by private companies, who have a license for handling of waste. In the centre all materials what can be recycled are sorted out namely (glass packaging, paper and cardboard, film, plastic packaging, aluminum packaging).
2. Residue is directed to the Ecocleaner OÜ (Sillamäe) for production of waste fuel and compost to cover landfills. Hazardous waste is directed to Hazardous Waste Recycling Centre. Recyclable waste are pressed and marketed.
The fee system in Narva is a flat rate system. The related fee is charged on a m2-basis of the flat area and it is determined by the agreement between waste handling company and representatives of apartment house. Apartment houses have three bins for separate collection of mixed wastes, paper and glass. In year 2008 average amount of produced mixed wastes were about 200 kg per person per year. All private houses have to have their own collection systems (containers) and they are charged depending on the type of waste they produce emptied numbers of containers and their size on monthly basis.